Monthly Archives: September 2015

I love driving!

Do you love driving or learning to drive?

If you hate your driving lessons something is wrong –  you need to change instructor! I always aim to make the lessons enjoyable and fun. Why?  Because if you are enjoying yourself you will learn far quicker!

love driving

Jack Collishaw FIRST time 8 minors 25/09/15

Jack passed FIRST time with only 8 minors. He says:

“Before Starting with Paul I had low confidence in my driving and myself due to a past instructor but after moving to Paul and AA that all changed!

My confidence grew fast and I started to love driving! I had some hiccups but i had a great experience!

I was able to communicate and get along with Paul and that is an important factor to a driving instructor and i would highly recommend him! 

For lessons or a chat to find out more CALL or text  NOW on 0778 055 3078 or use the contact page

For more testimonials and information

Focused lessons     Results since April     A grade check test result     Intensive driving course   Paul improves your driver ability    Navy pupil passes first time    Zero minors    Intensive driving course     First time pass 1 minor!    The AA

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Anticipation and planning

What is Anticipation?

thinkAnticipation is the amazing and possibly unique human ability to THINK ahead: to imagine possible scenarios in the future – like fast forwarding a film frame by frame.

To anticipate is to conceptualise; to predict; visualise.

Anticipating in a driving context, is basically spotting and expecting possible dangers or hazards before they occur. This then enables the driver to be prepared and stay safe.

Road signs and markings

skidOf course, the ability to anticipate potential hazards is enhanced by taking note of road signs and road markings early.

This is further facilitated by SCANNING and PLANNING. In other words, an alert driver is not only looking directly ahead but scans ahead in the following areas:  far distance; middle distance; near distance; speedometer; rear view mirror.


coastThe acronym COAST  stands for Concentrate, Observe, Anticipate, Speed and Time.

COAST helps us understand, that if Concentration is lacking then this will impact our ability to Observe everything around. This will further impact our ability to Anticipate and of course if we don’t react – we are going to fast and run out of time!

Open your eyes!

awarenessDeveloping Observational skills therefore, is very important, as you can’t anticipate a hazard you haven’t seen –  unless of course you have been pre-warned by a road-sign or road-marking!

How can an instructor help the pupil in this regard? Questions such as: “What can you see?”, “What’s the next hazard?

Use your imagination!

The question: “What if?” is also a good one. “What if that car ahead pulls out?”

Commentary driving ( talking out loud what you can see and are doing) is also a helpful tool and helps concentration. It can also be done even when sitting in the passenger seat!!


Of course, it is important not only to see hazards ahead ( SCAN) but we must also PLAN and make a DECISION of how we are going to react. If we just ‘wing it’ and hope for the best then we are likely to fail at some point – have an accident.

So a good question to ask yourself when you see a hazard ahead is : “What are you planning?”  “What are you going to do?”

“If we fail to plan we plan to fail!”


to doThe first step in a good plan is to prioritise. Imagine for example if you are given five college assignments due in in the next two weeks. What’s the best approach? The sensible solution is to sort, prioritise and order the tasks

Its obvious then, that if we don’t plan we may run out of time!


How do you make a good decision? Firstly, you must have all the relevant information to hand. So for example, when we emerge to turn left, we must look at least twice to the right and once to the left.

Secondly, we need to give ourselves time to make a good decision? If we not sure we should go- then don’t! Don’t rush a decision!

If there are multiple hazards ahead how do you decide which to react and plan for? Generally, this is the one closest at the highest level.

For Example: Ahead you see a pedestrian on the pavement (green hazard), a car coming towards you (green hazard), a cyclist at 6 car lengths away (amber hazard) and a junction on the left with a car waiting to emerge at 12 car lengths (amber hazard).

The cyclist would be the priority but we would also be aware of the car at the junction.

For most hazard situations the following simple plan is all we need:

Hazard Plan M,S,G

Mirrors –  Slow or signal – Gear

Simple Holdback

IMG_0971We’ve dealt with this situation in detail  in Meeting other vehicles . As we don’t have right of way (we’re the AA car), then we must be prepared to stop and we should be going for a low risk solution.

A low risk solution would be to time it so that when we arrive the red car has passed the blue car. This is the preferred solution.

A high risk solution would be to just go through the gap regardless!

The lowest risk solution would be to holdback.

So using MSG, maybe we check mirrors, off the gas to slow , signal by  covering the brake  without braking  and maybe change down a gear.

A negotiation

IMG_0973 (1)In this situation who has right of way? No one really, but say the red car was much further back, you might use MSG in the following way:

Check mirrors, move to the centre to signal intention to go through gap, maybe even use an indicator to further signal and change down gear if further acceleration is required.


Busy Town Driving


As you approach from the south what can you see? What hazards can you spot?

What speed and gear are you going to arrive at?

Is it safe to go?

What if a car comes the other way, which gap are you going to head for?

Look out for buses and bikes!

If you decide to get into the gap what issues are there if you look parked. What could happen and how might you prevent that?

For lessons CALL or text  NOW on 0778 055 3078 or use the contact page

Results since April

A grade check test result

Intensive driving course

Paul improves your driver ability

Navy pupil passes first time

Zero minors Intensive driving course

First time pass 1 minor!

The AA

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